Copyright 2014 Shamal Az Zour. All Rights Reserved.
Kuwait is located in the northwestern region of the Arabian Gulf, and has a coastline of approximately 170 km which extends between the latitudes of 28° 32' N and 30° 00' N. Kuwait landmass is an extension of the Arabian desert, and has an extremely hot and arid climate. The average yearly rainfall is only 100 mm, and the summer period is usually dry, with most rain falling during the cooler winter and early spring seasons. Summer temperatures on land can rise above 50° C and fall close to freezing in winter, and strong winds are common throughout the year. The marine environment in Kuwait is generally shallow, and hence, it is strongly influenced by these severe climatic conditions. Consequently, the northern Gulf region represents an extreme environment for corals, which limits the development of coral reefs. The major natural environmental stresses on the marine environment include high and low temperatures, high turbidity and sedimentation, and elevated salinity. Marine related activities and coastal developmental projects also have remarkable impacts. Like-wise, the terrestrial environment is impacted by extreme temperatures, dust storms, and low rainfall, in addition to the different human activities year round.