Environment Protection Plans
The environment protection plans. There are many possible protection measures available to protect the environment.
Solid wastes pose threat to Kuwait environment.
Based on the World Bank report, Kuwait’s produces 1.4 kg of solid waste per capita daily, or around 2 million tons of solid waste generated annually. One of the biggest issues about landfills in Kuwait that they are more of a dump sites than engineered landfills. Landfills can cause severe public health and environment hazards, including generating toxic gases such as methane and carbon dioxide (greenhouse gases), attracting pests, trigger fires as well as ground water contamination and other health risks. There are several types of solid wastes such as: municipal solid wastes (e.g., household wastes; construction and demolition debris; garbage), industrial wastes (plastics), chemical wastes (laboratory wastes) and scrap waste left over from product manufacturing and consumption (parts of vehicles). In this report, some of the solid wastes hazards will be discussed with the best possible environmental protection plan.
1. Tires Scarp
Among all the solid waste list mentioned earlier, scrap waste is considered as recyclable materials with economical value because it contains recovered metals, and non-metallic materials that are suitable for recycling. In Kuwait, tire is the most common problem scrap waste with over than seven millions wheels damped in Sulaibiya area. This huge amount has caused the world’s 9 worst tire fires in 2013.
Form our own prospective as ecotoxicological researchers in KISR, tires recycling is the best environmental protection plan. Scrap tires could be recycled by turning them into raw material to use either as an alternative fuel, ground rubber (for playground cover) or for civil engineering as an erosion control for building material.
2. Plastic Scarp
Plastic solid waste has become a serious problem, where the rapid population growth and expanding urbanization have caused the increase of the need to use different materials for the urgent need of modern life. Plastic has become the most widespread material since the beginning of the 20th century. Its durability, light weight and low cost make it so practical and helpful to use. Large number of plastic debris end up floating in world oceans and break into microplastics. Plastics can pose a serious threat to the marine organisms, plastic bags are petroleum-based and do not biodegrade, sea turtles and other marine organisms mistake plastics and other garbage as food (such as jellyfish) and ingest it, this mistake causes blockages within their digestive system and eventual death. Ghost fishing by derelict fishing gears is another hazard to the marine organisms. Moreover, plastic is not inert and chemical additives, some of them endocrine disruptors, can migrate into body tissue and enter the food chain.
The best protection plan is setting a strategic approach towards plastic waste management and production management, enforcement of plastic recycling industry, and promote environmental awareness in the society.
3. Promoting Environmental Awareness (Al-Yarmouk Environmental Park)
The first environmentally-friendly park in Kuwait was established by KISR on February 2013 at Al- Yarmouk area. Twelve tons of wastes were used including tires, hoses, plastic, bottle, glass, paper and even electronic boards to fabricate seats, fountains, monuments, kids swing. The park delivers messages for the visitor from all the creative concepts made such as the outdoor classroom which was made of turtle shape. The design was chosen because trash reaches the marine environment; most of it made up from non-biodegradable plastic bags which are petroleum-based. Sea turtles and other marine creatures mistake plastics and other garbage with food (such as jellyfish) and ingest it; this mistake causes blockages within their digestive system and eventual death. The big turtle based next to the main entrance to reflect environmental message that this marine organism is facing the danger of extinction due to pollution. Another creative concept was placed right in the middle of the park which is the environmentally friendly tree. This tree was made of reused wood and tires which represent one of the national trees of Kuwait “Sidra”. The idea behind this tree was due to the 2012 when a massive tires fire broke out in the Rahaiya area in Jahra province in Kuwait. Five million tires at the Rahaiya site caught fire, where it posed an environmental and health risks caused by the millions of used tires dumped in the area.